|Bus road next to cycle-path|
Nothing is left to chance here. Cycle paths are designed in first in new developments and cyclists are not expected to slum it by sharing space with buses.
The picture shows a bus waiting at a bus stop on a bus road. This road is not a through road for cars, and has quite light use by buses, but cyclists are provided with a separate wide cycle path so that any possible subjective feeling of lack of safety is avoided. There is also a pedestrian path because cyclists and pedestrians don't mix very well either.
It's essential that cyclists always will feel they're being catered for. Subjective safety is always very high. Having buses pass you or pull in or out on the road you're cycling on does not lead to a high feeling of subjective safety and that's why bus/cycle lanes are a bad idea for any place which wants mass cycling.
When there are road works, the cycle route still has to be maintained. Temporary bridges are put up. While cycle paths are being resurfaced, an alternative route is provided by blocking lanes on the road.
Note also the bicycle parking at the bus stop. There is very nearly always cycle parking at bus stops just as there is very nearly always a bypass for cyclists to avoid danger at bus stops. There is no need for buses to impact negatively on cyclists.